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TCM Research Day EN

Friday, 27.05.2022
10:00-13:30, 15:00-18:30
    • Scientific Research
    • All levels

    Together with Florian Beissner of the Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Velia Wortman will moderate an all-day session covering the latest research results in Chinese medicine and in naturopathy. As in past years, we will host an international group of researchers who will share their exciting new research results with us. Audience participation is encouraged at the end of the Research Day.

    • 09:00-09:10
      Welcome and Introduction
      Prof. Dr. Florian Beißner (DE), Velia Wortman (DE)
    • 09:10-09:50
      Hands-on TCM research – different methods and low-threshold approaches to conduct meaningful research
      Dr. Jan Valentini (DE)
      Jan Valentini

      This lecture will discuss different approaches and low-threshold possibilities to conduct meaningful research beyond established research institutions. Three different projects will be presented: i) Crowd Researching for Long-Covid, ii) an accompanying evaluation of a TCM outpatient clinic and iii) emerging research practice networks.

      i) Crowd researching is a low-threshold approach via online research that is accessible to everyone and can be carried out and evaluated quickly. The main focus will be exploratory and on a few main questions. Analogously, the term "swarm intelligence" is used, which is to be utilized in a synchronized and targeted manner. With the aim of identifying effective and previously unknown therapy options for Long-Covid, a possible crowd research approach is presented as an example and its (complementary medicine) results are reported.
      ii) A structured evaluation of one's own practice can be carried out successfully on a low-threshold basis and is often associated with just a small (additional) effort. Using the example of the outpatient clinic for Chinese medicine at the Institute for General Medicine and Interprofessional Care at the University Hospital of Tübingen, an ongoing accompanying evaluation of the TCM outpatient clinic set up in 2019 is shown and its results and implications are presented.
      iii) As an example of "research from practice for practice", nationwide emerging research practice networks in general medicine will be presented and it will be shown how practices can actively and participatively shape research activities. Such a structure and cooperation enables effective research on questions relevant to general practice and thus makes an important contribution to further improving primary care in Germany.

      ______________________________________________

      In diesem Vortrag werden verschiedene Ansätze und niedrigschwellige Möglichkeiten diskutiert, um auch außerhalb von etablierten Forschungsinstitutionen aussagekräftige Forschung zu betreiben. Dabei werden drei unterschiedliche Projekte vorgestellt: i) Crowd Researching bei Long-Covid, ii) Begleitevaluation einer TCM Ambulanz und iii) Forschungspraxennetzwerke im Aufbau.

      i) Beim Crowd Researching (von englisch „crowd“ für (Menschen-)Menge, und „research“ für Forschung) wird in einem niederschwelligen Ansatz eine online-gestützte Forschung ermöglicht, die für alle Personen zugänglich ist sowie schnell durchgeführt und ausgewertet werden kann. Dabei wird ein explorativer Fokus auf einige wenige Hauptfragen gelegt. Analog dazu kann der Begriff der „Schwarmintelligenz“ verwendet werden, welche man synchronisiert und gezielt nutzen will. Mit dem Ziel, effektive und bisher unbekannte Therapieoptionen bei Long-Covid zu erfassen, wird ein möglicher Crowd Researching Ansatz beispielhaft vorgestellt und dessen (komplementärmedizinische) Ergebnisse gemeinsam mit den Herausforderungen und Chancen berichtet.
      ii) Eine strukturierte Evaluation der eigenen Praxis kann niederschwellig erfolgreich durchgeführt werden und ist oft nur mit einem geringen (Mehr-)Aufwand verbunden. Am Beispiel der Ambulanz für Chinesische Medizin am Institut für Allgemeinmedizin und Interprofessionelle Versorgung des Universitätsklinikums Tübingen wird eine laufende Begleitevaluation der 2019 eingerichteten TCM Ambulanz gezeigt und deren Ergebnisse und Implikationen vorgestellt.
      iii) Als Beispiel von „Forschung aus der Praxis für die Praxis“ werden bundesweit neu entstehende Forschungspraxennetzwerke in der Allgemeinmedizin vorgestellt. Dabei können teilnehmende Praxen aktiv und partizipativ an Forschung teilnehmen, sie gestalten und auch selbst Forschungsideen einbringen. Eine solche Struktur und Zusammenarbeit ermöglicht eine effektive Erforschung hausärztlich relevanter Fragestellungen nach internationalem Vorbild und leistet damit einen wichtigen Beitrag, die Primärversorgung in Deutschland weiter zu verbessern.

    • 09:55-10:35
      Is there interdisciplinary and interculturally binding knowledge? Recent approaches in philosophy of science
      Dr. Jan Brousek (AT)
      Jan Brousek

      Whenever Chinese Medicine (CM) is being investigated from the stance of western science we are confronted with the question whether CM is scientific or not. The most serious consequence of the still predominant denial of CM’s scientific credibility is that the majority of patients in western countries do not get (free) access to classical Chinese medical treatments, as public health care barely covers them.


      But what does “scientific” actually mean? From the point of view of philosophy of science, the question of scientific credibility is strongly related to the problem of knowledge and its commitment. In short: without commitment there cannot be knowledge. The main problem about knowledge in western philosophy is that commitment is always challenged by the inevitable condition of human subjectivity. In this sense, subjectivity is also the key to understand the emergence of culturally different knowledge systems which are to some extent based on incommensurable paradigms. And this especially refers to medical systems: biomedicine (BM) is based on a paradigm of objectivity, whereas CM is founded on a systemic paradigm. 
The difficulty is that objective medicine, such as BM, which relies on a concept of absolute commitment and universal “truth”, is obviously not suitable for apprehending the dynamics and complexity of systemic medicine, such as CM.

      The Viennese School of Constructive Realism (CR) proves to be a promising epistemological basis for approaching CM more adequately. This is mainly because CR enables a form of relational commitment of scientific statements beyond the epistemological dead ends of absolute (or objective) commitment on the one hand and relative (or subjective) commitment, respectively no commitment at all, on the other hand. As expressed by the term “relational”, commitment can only be gained by dialogically interrelating different (subjective) constructions about reality. That means that subjectivity is not an obstacle for commitment, but rather its condition. In the same sense, according to CR, different or even contradicting scientific paradigms are the condition to obtain knowledge, understood as the unconscious presuppositions of a scientific model. In contrast to the principles of verification and falsification, CR´s main method(ology) to gain knowledge is the one of “strangification” which will be explained and demonstrated throughout the lecture.

    • 11:00-11:40
      Defining the details of acupuncture treatment for pelvic pain in endometriosis: literature review and e-Delphi study
      Nora Giese (DE)
      Nora Giese

      Defining the details of acupuncture treatment for pelvic pain in endometriosis: literature review and e-Delphi study

      Growing evidence suggests that acupuncture can improve pelvic pain in women with endometriosis. As treatment details used in research differ, it remains unclear which treatment is recommended for clinical practice. The aim of this lecture is to present the methodology and results of a research project that defined how acupuncture should be used in treating pelvic pain in endometriosis.

      The research comprised a systematised literature review to extract acupuncture treatment details from published research and an e-Delphi study to gain knowledge about details as used by expert acupuncturists.
      Review: Four databases were searched using predefined inclusion/exclusion criteria. Data were extracted based on the STRICTA criteria.
      E-Delphi: Recruitment for the e-Delphi consisted of purposeful sampling found by personal acquaintances, recommendations, internet search, and snowballing. An open first round gathered qualitative data, analysed with the Framework method. In rounds two and three, experts rated statements to build group consensus, defined as a rating of five or more on a 7-point Likert scale by at least 70% of the experts. The strength of agreement was graded using the median score and interquartile range. Results from the systematised literature review and the e-Delphi were compared and contrasted in a synthesis using the STRICTA items.

      The systematised literature review (n=29 unique studies) found a wide range of treatment details with little agreement. The e-Delphi of international experts (n=20) resulted in agreement on 94 statements (such as TCM-style, Master Tung-, Electroacupuncture and combinations), lack of consensus on 55 statements (such as the number of needle insertions per subject per session), and disagreement on another 29 (like acupuncture sessions three times a week). Comparison of the review and e-Delphi results found little agreement on treatment details.

      The details of acupuncture treatment that gained consensus in the e-Delphi are provisionally recommended for use in clinical practice. These include the style of acupuncture, specific acupuncture points, the treatment frequency and duration, and other components of treatment. Future research needs to explore the efficacy of the recommendations based on this e-Delphi study.

    • 11:45-12:25
      A Clinical Feasibility Study comparing acupuncture with cognitive behavioural therapy in treating anxiety
      Cinzia Scorzon (DE)
    • 15:00–15:40
      When Western Science meets TCM – The worst (mutual) misunderstandings and how to avoid them
      Prof. Dr. Florian Beißner (DE), Velia Wortman (DE)
    • 15:50–16:00
      Presentation of the Poster Awards
      Prof. Dr. Florian Beißner (DE), Velia Wortman (DE)
    • 16:00–17:00
      Everything you always wanted to know about TCM research but were afraid to ask
      Prof. Dr. Florian Beißner (DE)
    • 17:00–18:00
      Round table discussion
      Prof. Dr. Florian Beißner (DE)

    More classes with Florian Beißner

    505

    Introduction of Sinosomatics

    How to use the psychosomatic dimension of Chinese Medicine in a neuroscientifically substantiated way

    Prof. Dr. Florian Beißner (DE), Dr. Annemarie Schweizer-Arau (DE)DE
      Saturday, 28.05.2022
      09:30-13:00, 15:00-18:30
      • Acupuncture
      • Scientific Research
      • Classics/Philosophy
      • Advanced
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      More classes with Velia Wortman

      304

      Engaging with the Qi

      A journey into palpation

      Felix de Haas (NL), Velia Wortman (DE)EN
        Thursday, 26.05.2022
        09:00-12:30, 15:00-18:30
        • Diagnostics
        • Classics/Philosophy
        • Acupuncture
        • All levels
        • Hands-on with practical exercises
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        More classes with Nora Giese

        209

        Theme Day Fertility

        Nora Giese (DE), Dr. Ursula Ritz (AT)EN
          Wednesday, 25.05.2022
          09:00-12:30, 15:00-18:30
          • Acupuncture
          • Herbal Therapy
          • Diagnostics
          • Advanced
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          Schedule:

          • 09:00-12:30
            Implantation Failure - the Understanding and Improvement Possibilities with TCM Therapies
            Yifan Yang (NL)
          • 15:00 - 16:30
            The Spirit of the Endocrine Panel - Pre and Post Heaven dynamics of Ye and Tian Gui
            Randine Lewis (US)
          • 16:30-18:30
            Semen Analysis from a Chinese Medicine Perspective - Interpretation and Treatment Options
            Dr. Olivia Pojer (AT)

          Call for Posters

          Invitation to submit scientific posters for the 53rd TCM Kongress Rothenburg.

          In order to better reflect the breadth of scientific approaches, we would like to cordially invite researchers from all disciplines working in the field of TCM to present their findings to the public in the form of a scientific poster at the upcoming TCM Research Day (27 May 2022).

          Read more

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